The 42nd G7 Summit in Ise-Shima, Japan, in 2016 will be the first G7 Summit to be held since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. To achieve the fundamental goal enshrined in the 2030 Agenda “to ensure that all human beings can fulfil their potential in dignity and equality and in a healthy environment” is in line with promoting the concept of “human security” that the Japanese Government pursues as its core diplomatic policy. The Japan Parliamentarians Federation for Population (JPFP) and the Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development (AFPPD) will co-organize the GCPPD2016 in cooperation with other regional parliamentarians’ fora and partners to raise three issues: (1) gender equality and women’s empowerment; (2) investing in youth; and (3) building active aging societies. In addition, the GCPPD2016 will discuss measures to combat infectious diseases and establish effective risk management systems, proposing that introducing Universal Health Coverage (UHC) throughout the world is a key instrument to tackle these challenges. In so doing, the GCPPD2016 aims to clarify the role of parliamentarians to strengthen global partnership, thereby soliciting high-level commitments and encouraging political action by global parliamentarians.